There are few and far between concerns regarding this breed’s health. That doesn’t mean the Collie is completely out of the woods, or that finding a health complication is an anomaly. That said, this is a very healthy and hardy breed capable of living between 12 to 14 years.
You can get the most out of your Collie, when you buy from a reputable breeder, who can provide you with the proper documentation and health clearances. Furthermore, you can help keep your pooch health when you schedule regular veterinarian visits.
Collie Eye Anomaly or CEA, is a congenital bilaterial eye disease, that affect their retina, choroid and sclera due to a recessive gene defect. This near exclusive disease can cause partial to complete blindness. There is no cure, but there are DNA tests to help identify CEA. The trouble with this disease is that it affects a majority of this breed, thus putting breeders and opponents at odds of what to do. Again, there is testing or screening available.
Sticking with the eyes, the Collie has been found to suffer from Progressive Retinal Atrophy. PRA affects many breeds like most Hounds, Siberian Huskies, Mastiffs and Terriers. Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a disease of the retina, where the rod cells “systematically” die or falter. This can lead to night blindness or complete blindness.
Although the breed is at a low risk, there are cases of Hip Dysplasia found with this breed. When the joint becomes loose due to a malformation in hip socket, it causes rubbing and results in cartilage damage due to wear and tear. This can be incredibly painful and leads to lameness.
Collies seem to fare rather poorly with Bloat. When a series of air or fluids collects inside the dog’s stomach, it causes the stomach to twist, which is also painful. With nowhere to go, this puts pressure on the blood vessels. This condition can lead to death and the fatality rate for Gastric Torsion is 29 percent. This affects large breeds, rapid growing breeds, Great Danes, Weimaraners and many others.
3 out 4 Collies have been found to have the MDR1 gene mutation, which essentially means they are vulnerable and sensitive to certain steroids, antibiotics and a drug by the name of, Ivermectin.