Eurasier

The 1960’s was about peace, love, good music and for one dog lover, the ultimate family companion. Ultimately, it was one man, three different breeds, that would play a part in the creation of the Eurasier. This medium size Deutschland breed is playful, sweet, and most of all, rare.

In fact, most people outside of Europe have no recollection of this breed. However, that may all change once more dog lovers learn about the breed.

So is this breed the ultimate family dog? What else does this breed bring to the table?

Here is what you need to know about the Eurasier.

History

While the Eurasier is relatively a new breed, their ancestry includes some prehistorical bloodlines. Before any of that, however, it was a German man, during the 50’s, that is most responsible for this breed’s conception.

That man, who had an old spitz type dog, that he was madly in love with, was fancier, Julius Wipfel. Wipfel was from the town Weinhem an der Bergstrasse in Germany. It was Wifel, who was looking to create a near replica of his old all black spitz type of dog. Wifel’s dog was very intelligent and independent, but above all, very sweet.

Furthermore, Wipfel, in his conquest to create the ultimate family dog, knew that this replica had to be adaptable. Wipfel sought out for a dog that could live in nearly any type of lifestyle setting. So he took the Wolfspitz, which could live in harsh climates and was a healthy breed, and then he took a Chow Chow. Crossing both of those dogs gave him the end result, in what he would call at first the Wolf Chow. Additionally, the decision to use the Chow Chow was because of the breed’s calm and affectionate side. In fact, Chow Chows form special bonds with their people and are extremely loyal. Couple that with the fact that they are suspicious to strangers, and you have yourself quite the new protective breed.

Immediately people began to take notice of Wipfel’s concoction. The inspiration behind his creation, a Noble Prize winner, Konrad Lorenz was one of the people who took notice. In 1961, Wipfel began to promote the breed. At that time, the breed’s name was still Wolf-Chow, rather than Eurasier.

To help bring attention to the Eurasier, Wipfel made the decision to create a club, Canine Breeding Association for Wolf-Chow Northern Dogs. A few years following, Wipfel would engineer a breed standard, that would emphasize health and temperament over coat color and appearance.

During the 1970’s, there was a few minor setbacks, although there is no documents proving some of the allegations. The primary protest against this new breed was their temperament. Decidedly, Wipfel took the sweet and ever so loving, Samoyed, and began breeding again. Shortly after, the breed would undergo a new name change. Out with the Wolf Chow and in with the Eurasier. According to Wipfel, Eurasier indicates the breed’s European and Asian ancestry.

In 1973, recognition was given by the German Kennel Club or VDH, as well as, the FCI. The following year, a new standard was written.

Three or four decades later, the breed is still considerably rare and hasn’t yet been given recognition by the American Kennel Club. However, the Eurasier can compete AKC’s companion events. The AKC also reports that the breed has designation to their Non Sporting Group. That said, they are still a part of the club’s Foundation Stock Services. Elsewhere, the Eurasier has recognition with the Canadian Kennel Club and the United Kennel Club.

Today, the breed enjoys a life that is under the radar. While some kennels have the breed part of their working class, the main role of Eurasiers is still mainly companionship.

Size

As a medium size breed, an Eurasier should stand between 19 to 24 inches. They should weigh between 40 to 70 pounds, according to the American Kennel Club.

On the contrary, the United Kennel Club claims males should stand at 22 inches and weigh about 57 pounds. Furthermore, the UKC believes females should stand at 20.5 inches and weigh 48 pounds.

Personality and Temperament

The Eurasier was always meant to be the consummate companion dog. In fact, this breed is apt to suffer from separation anxiety and gets restless when left alone for long periods of time. Aside from their sensitivity of being alone, the breed does very well with all size families. Whether you are a single person or a family with children, the Eurasier figures to fit in nicely. 

Inside the house, they are calm and have even temperaments. They will only bark whenever they find it necessary. This breed is very playful and enjoys a good romp. In addition, they do enjoy the outdoors and will even partake in some swimming. 

Another key component of this breed is their tolerance towards children. Although this is certainly not a promotion for abuse, the Eurasier handles pesky children better than other breeds.

The breed will adapt to most lifestyles and environments. You can invite this breed into your large farm house or apartment. With regards to climate, while the breed enjoys cooler temperatures thanks to their coat, they will do fine in warmer conditions.

Strangers won’t receive the same warm welcome that family members will surely get. The Eurasier is often aloof and suspicious of people they don’t know. They shouldn’t be aggressive, however, and it is that that makes this breed less than ideal as a guard. However, if you need a watchdog, this breed will represent quite fairly.

Other dogs and cats or smaller pets will get along fine with this breed. Overall, this is a friendly and sweet breed, that relaxes at home and knows how to turn on the fun when outside. Novice or someone with experience will have no hard time dealing with this breed. They tend to aim at pleasing and will be agreeable during training. 

Health

When you buy an Eurasier from a breeder, you need to be mindful of their reputation. That said, this breeder should be able to provide you with the proper documentation you need in order to get the health clearances. Additionally, regular visits and coordination with the veterinarian will help promote a healthier and longer life for your Eurasier.

That in mind, this breed is generally a healthy breed. On average, this breed enjoys a life expectancy of 12 to 16 years. 

Most of the issues plaguing this breed are orthopedic and issues with the eyes. For starters, the Eurasier has a low risk, but a risk, with suffering Hip Dysplasia. Moreover, the breed has a 2.5 dysplastic rate out of 160 evaluations ranking them further in the pack at 174th. This puts them in the company of the Collie, Belgian Tervuren and Belgian Sheepdog. However, it should be said, that the evaluation taken by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals was a small sample size .In comparison, out of the 55 evaluations, 1.9% of Eurasiers were found to be dysplastic. Malformation of the hip joint can be painful and cause the dog to suffer lameness and discomfort. 

Patellar Luxation is a bigger issue for the breed. In fact, the Eurasier ranks tenth in OFA’s survey with an 8.5 dysplastic rate. Pomeranians, Cocker Spaniel, Boston Terriers, Aussie Terriers are more prone to Patellar Luxation. This condition is when the patella slips out of place or dislocates from the ordinary location causing a great deal of pain and possible other issues with their ACL.

Bloat is another concern for the breed. This is when the stomach has an excess of gas or air, without having the ability to properly release. This will cause the stomach to distend or twist, which can be fatal. 

The Eurasier ranks 2nd out of all breeds who were a part of the OFA survey for thyroid issues. Only the English Setter was worse off than the Eurasier. This breed has a 17.6% Autoimmune Thyroiditis occurrence rate. 

Eyes are also a shortfall for this breed. Entropion and Ectropion can be seen with this breed. Both are conditions, where the eyelid either rolls inward or outward. Both can cause irritation and aggravation for the dog. Finally, Distichiasis is a concern for the breed. This is when an eyelash arises from an abnormal region of the eyelid leading to scarring and ulcerations. Other breeds like the Dachshund and Poodle are prone to this condition.

Care

Early socialization and training is necessary for this breed to grow into a loving and friendly dog with other pets and smaller children. When training, it’s important that you use positive reinforcement and be consistent with the dog. Keeping things interesting will keep the Eurasier’s attention.

They should get a daily walk or two per day as well. Regular exercise is necessary to keep the breed from gaining too much weight. It will also help stimulate them physically and mentally. If this bores easily, the last thing you want is a dog with destructive habits suffering from boredom.

This is a dog that should be a part of the family. They shouldn’t be left alone for long periods of time due to separation anxiety. 

Careful inspection of their ears and eyes for any type of debris is also a good idea. Although the breed doesn’t produce much odor, you can get by with infrequent baths or what you deem necessary. Clipping or trimming their nails will help reduce the dog’s chances of splitting or cracking their nails. 

In summary, this is a dog that is easy to care for, that needs one or two walks a day and plenty of human contact.

Feeding

How much your Eurasier may eat could differ from other dogs. Elements like age, activity rate and metabolism play a big part in how much and what your dog eats. For the most part, your Eurasier should eat a high quality formula, that is appropriate for their breed type. Meat should be the first ingredient. Chicken, turkey, fish, veggies, fruits, eggs, cottage cheese, potato should all do fine with this breed.

Most Eurasier owners seem content feeding their adult dogs between 2.5 to 3 cups of dry food per day. Omega 3 and Omega 6 will help with their coat and heart health. 

As always, you should provide your Eurasier with fresh drinking water.

Coat

This breed has a double coat that has a medium length to it. It should be loose on the outside coat and thick on the undercoat. Your Eurasier should have a longer coat around the neck.

Brushing two or three times a week will help keep your dog looking wonderful and reduce dead hairs from collecting up around the house. They do shed regularly but even more twice a year.

According to most breed standards, the Eurasier can feature any color combination other than pure white, white patches or a liver color.

Fun Eurasier Facts

  • According to the Eurasier Club in America, there are only 150 Eurasiers in the U.S. and 450 in North America. However, there is around 6000 in Europe.
  • The breed was given recognition by the Canadian Kennel Club in 1995 and UKC recognition in 1996.
  • Noble Prize winner, Konrad Lorenz, had an Eurasier and said that the dog had some of the most amazing qualities ever.

Closing Words

The greatest thing to happen to this breed was the work of Julius Wipfel. It was Wipfel, who had the vision to create a healthy and sweet dog over a showy breed. Even better, this virtue remains true to this day, where the breed enjoys special protections from shady breeding practices. This may reflect why the breed’s registrations numbers are low. However, to the keen eye, it reflect the enthusiasts who love this breed to keep the dog away from harms way and continue preserving their integrity.

That said, it’s only a matter of time until others witness how great of a family companion the Eurasier truly is. 

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