The Rottweiler is a large compact canine with a storied history of using its muscle for safety and assurance. Beneath the hard compact surface, is a dog that is much more than rugged and aggressive, on the contrary, a Rottweiler is dedicated to its servant or master and has been know to be very loving and affectionate.
The average life expectancy for Rottie’s isn’t a long one, most average a span from 8-11 years. However, it’s what the Rottweiler does during its time that makes those years count. Highly active and protective, what is it about the Rottweiler that it makes this canine so popular and in demand? Here’s everything you need to know about the Rottweiler.
In 2016, the Rottweiler was named the 8th most popular breed, according to the American Kennel Club. The average cost of a Rottie is anywhere from $1200-$2000. So how did this compact and fearless canine become such a driving force amongst breeds today?
It hasn’t been an easy feat for the Rottweiler. More and more local and state municipalities along with insurance companies have stringent policies against the ownership of this breed. But in the end, people want what they want. Which is a handsome and devoted canine.
Originally from Germany, the Rottweiler gave the original meaning to what a service dog is. This kind of service wasn’t just medicinal companionship, however, in Germany, a Rottie could be seen guarding or lugging meat carts for butchers. This was a 2 in 1 solution for the butcher, who needed protection and transportation at the same time.
When others picked up on how valuable of an asset the Rottweiler was, they figured other ways to utilize the dog. Some people used the dog for law enforcement, while others utilized the canine as a rescue dog.
In the 1900’s this breed started to diminish in popularity. As a matter of fact, some people actually thought the Rottie was extinct. The need for the Rottie to transport meat carts was no longer needed due to the invention of faster and automatic transport.
Oddly, it was war that really saved this breed from its diminishing status. Thanks to World War 1, there was a growing need for police service dogs. The Rottweiler fit the profile perfectly for the job. They were muscular, fierce looking and obedient.
The revival of the Rottweiler was well underway during that time. The dog continued to find a role in society around World War 2, when the canine was used as a part of ambulance crews, messenger, and guard.
As wars came to an end, the Rottweiler found a new position in the world. People would use the breed as a canine and as a companion. In 1931, the American Kennel Club officially recognized the dog into its registry stud book. During the 1990’s, the Rottweiler was reportedly the most registered canine from the American Kennel Club. Today, it is classified as a working dog. Some call the Rottweiler, Rottie, or Rott.
The Rottweiler is on the bigger side for breeds with its muscular exterior and broad bone structure. It is recommended, that the Rottweiler weight around 95-110 pounds. The average female Rottie will fluctuate as much as 77-106 pounds, while the male ranges from 110-132 pounds. The average Rottie height is from 1’10”-2’3”.
Males should be anywhere between 24-27 inches and females 22-25 inches.
Personality & Temperament
Grumpy and mean may be the first impression of someone, but on the contrary, most household Rotties are far from. The one thing this breed doesn’t like is to be alone. It is true that they aren’t friendly with other dogs, but as long as you raise them correctly, you can find a Rottweiler socializing with other breeds.
Rotties do like to gather and control, they enjoy enforcing when they are at work herding. A Rottie shows its brute force by look and its commanding bark. They are very well balanced and there’s no challenge they won’t take.
Affectionate with their humans, Rottweilers should be monitored around smaller children at first until the two parties get to know one another. Once they do get to know their companions, the fellow children, they grow affection for them and very protective.
While they are an obedient breed, for the most part, they do have a mind of their own, in which they will at some point express their personality. This intelligent canine will give it back as it gets it. Don’t be shocked if it sasses you back when you ask them to do something.
When they are working, the breed will showcase a tremendous level of energy and intensity.
The Rottweiler is very playful, and sometimes that may come across as aggressive. They have a high demand for exercise and should have their own space to run around and play. Getting them a toy for them to work out their massive jaw–is the practical thing to do. They do not do well being bored, so it is important to entertain the Rottweiler with either toys or attention or both.
All in all, the Rottie is an all-purpose dog, very capable and dedicated to its tasks at work, and when it comes home from its job, the breed wants nothing more than to curl up on the couch with its master and showcase affection.
Average life expectancy rate for a Rott is 8-11 years. They do produce quite the litter, with an average of 8-12 puppies per birth.
The Rottie is a relatively healthy canine, that’s prone to the same hosting health issues as other breeds.
They do seem to have slightly higher issues with their joints, which shouldn’t be all that surprising considering the amount of labor they can perform.
21% of Rottweilers will be affected by hip dysplasia, while 39% of Rottweilers inherit elbow dysplasia, which is the third worst rate amongst all breeds. This can lead to a great amount of pain, lameness, and result in an expensive surgery.
You should be cautioned about orthopedic diseases, which seems to be high in Rotties.
1 in 4 Rottweilers will have some form of an eye issue at some point in their life.
Michigan State University says 14% of Rotties will have low thyroid levels.
Scheduling a routine checkup for your Rottweiler is advised, and they should always be update with their inoculations especially as puppies.
Before you think about purchasing or adopting a Rottie, you’ll want to check your local or state laws, as well as check your homeowners policy or apartment guidelines to see if you are allowed to own a Rottweiler.
Rottweilers are very active canines, they need exposure to the outdoors daily. It is advised that you walk your Rottie at least two times a day for about 20 minutes total. Most people seem to balance their routines out with their Rottweilers with a morning walk and night jog. The Rottie enjoys structure and routines, but it absolutely wants and demands exercise and the outdoors.
With puppies, starting at 6 weeks old, it is recommended that they get their set of four shots. Of course, if you don’t want a litter of newborns anytime soon, you should also spay and neuter your dogs.
Neutering has been found to be effective in reducing a Rottweiler’s aggression, marking with urine, and even testicular cancer. Spaying your female canine can greatly reduce uterine infections and even uterine cancer.
Most Rottie specialists recommend that you trim your dog’s nails every other week. They do like to grow, but if you maintain the Rottie’s nails, you will reduce the amount of discomfort that comes with having longer nails. Longer nails also can harm the carpet, and because the Rottweiler is a bigger and active dog, they will jump around at times on the couch, in which long nails will rip up.
As far as the teeth of a Rottweiler, you should keep those brushed, but it is advised to consult your veterinarian about the type of toothpaste and regularity of brushing you should do.
As puppies, you’ll need to teach your pet obedience right away. This makes the breed not the most ideal for first-time dog owners. However, for a person with experience, the Rottweiler is a great learner, very intelligent, and is very practical with obedience. You should supervise the Rottie, as they are aggressive when puppies, which you will have to break them out of in moderation, around smaller children. Once the child and puppy get older, the two will be no different than siblings in the Rottweiler’s mind.
Rottweilers are happy and healthier when you give them tasks or jobs. They are a working dog overall, and it is important that you exercise them regularly and daily. Socialization is a must if you want the Rottweiler to grow into a friendly companion. Keep in mind the dogs you surround your puppy with. Is this their first time socializing with a Rottie? Are they good with other breeds? This can determine everything from a success to a failure.
If you have a Rottie pup, you should start the canine off with high quality labeled dry food, that is rich in protein and crude fat. You should also look for a brand that is specifically designed for a larger dog, or even a Rottweiler itself. A puppy can eat three meals a day, and the average Rottweiler will consume anywhere from 5-10 pounds of top-rated Kibble per week.
Pure protein levels should be no less than 30% and the crude fat should be no less than 20%. Most premium brands will tower those percentages, so it is easy to find quality dog food for your Rottie. Try to keep the amount of fiber low, 4 percent or lower.
After your Rottie eats, try to minimize the amount of activity it does afterwards. Rottweilers, and other breeds, are susceptible to bloating. Rotties are prone to GDV, or gastric dilatation volvulus, a life threatening gas in the stomach, if left untreated.
Allow your Rottie an appropriate amount of personal space. The best idea for this breed, because it can territorial, is to give him or her their own bowl.
As always, your Rottie is an active pup or adult, so always keep the dog replenished with clean and fresh water to keep them healthy and hydrated.
The Rottweiler has a double coat, which is medium length and coarse. The hairs are dense and flat. You will notice the Rottweiler comes in three different color coats including black and mahogany, black and rust, and black and tan.
Using a soft bristle brush on your dog twice a week will go a long way in keeping the Rottie’s coat healthy and shiny. They do tend to shed lightly by tradition, and at certain seasons more heavily. Keeping your dog maintained will reduce the amount of hairs that get all over your lint and furniture.
Rottweiler’s have a waterproof undercoat, which makes this dog a multi-purpose canine during the winter and wet climates. The coarse topcoat helps the dog with elements as well.
The Rottweiler has a symbolized marking on their chest, face and paw. It’s usually a pronounced color of brown that variates to mahogany, tan, and rust.
- The Rottweiler has appeared in the horror movie, The Omen, further adding to its stigma of being a mean and vicious-evil canine.
- The Rottie is a popular canine of choice for other television shows such as popular HBO show, Entourage.
- One particular Rottweiler deterred a sexual assault from happening in the U.K. and even stood by the victim as help came by.
- The popular kids book, “Good dog, Carl” is about a Rottweiler.
- The Rottie was used to protect cattlemen’s money.
- Rottweilers have a biting force half of a shark’s total force, at 328 pounds.
- The Rottie has been tracked at a speed of 25mph.
The Rottie stands in impressive form. It’s muscular body frame, and athletic agility made the breed a perfect fit for physical jobs like rescue, guarding, and policing.
While their physical traits are impressive, many people have found out why this dog is so popular today, a Rottweiler’s intelligence and loyalty make this the perfect dog for a family with a need of protection and affection.