Xoloitzcuintli – Page 2 – Dog Breed Review

Xoloitzcuintli

History

Perhaps what’s more comical than this bald dog’s personality is the attempt of people pronouncing their name. To be sure: show-low-etz-queent-lee or Xolo for short. The Xoloitzcuinti is an ancient breed with origins from Mexico. However, some believe that the breed comes from Central Asia. 

The assumption is that the breed is all pure and derives from its own spontaneous gene mutation. Be that as it may, the Xoloitzcuintli is thought to be at the least 3,000 years old or better. There are many effigies and tombs with painting featuring a hairless dog of this caliber. Moreover, it is the belief that the Mayans, Colimas and Aztec Indians to be among the first to own this breed. Furthermore, it is thought that the Xolo was held in high regard and as a sacred symbol.

The American Kennel Club suggests that the breed can be found in Christopher Columbus and other European settlers’ journals. One legend has it that the Xoloitzcuintli was a spiritual symbol. That is, they would sacrifice the breed and burry them alongside their owners. Aside from their love, these people at the time, thought the breed could help them get and stay in the afterlife.

The breed began to find its way outside Mexico and inside American during the latter end of the 1800’s. In fact, according to the American Kennel Club, under the name Mexican Hairless, was one of the first breeds to enter their studbooks. 

That wouldn’t last for long, as concerns began to mount about this breed’s existence. So much, that the American Kennel Club took them out of the studbooks in 1959. But that decision wouldn’t last long either, and the formation of the Xoloitzcuintli Club of America  in 1986 would make it their priority among others to keep them from extinction.

Prior to that, a slight popularity surge in the 30’s and 40’s would lead to the dog appearing at dog shows. But a lack of interest following those decades led to the “Xolo Expedition of 1954.” Behind the effort was a man by the name of Pelham Wright. Wright would seek the best of the breed and go on a quest to find them in hopes of reviving them from extinction.

It would prove to be a good move. Wright and other enthusiasts would help create the breed’s first standard in 1956. From that, three types: toy, miniature and standard and two coat varieties: Coated and hairless.

Today, the breed is still considerably rare. However, the breed has recognition from all major kennel clubs. In America, the United Kennel Club was the first to grant recognition to the Xoloitzcuintli in 1993. It would take some convincing and time for the breed to gain AKC recognition but in 2011, the breed finally did. As a member of the Non Sporting Group, the AKC claims the breed to be the 143rd most popular in the U.S. 

With their types and varieties, the Xolo gives people many options. The Xolo is an excellent but friendly watchdog and companion. They even compete at dog shows. Although rare, there does appear to be tick of interest in the dog as recent.